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Broken, cracked, or chipped teeth can be extremely painful. Teeth can be hurt in a variety of ways, and depending on the severity of the injury and the state of your teeth, the damage may be minor or severe.

Emergency kits that are designed to soothe the edges of chipped teeth are sold in some pharmacies. They are basically strips of paraffin wax that you wrap around the jagged edges of a chipped tooth. How to fix a chipped tooth at home?

In a pinch, you can achieve the same result by chewing sugarless gum. Simply put, it will stop your lips, tongue, or the inside of your mouth from being cut or scraped by the jagged edge of a chipped tooth.

Continue reading and you will learn more about chipped teeth and how to treat them. Let’s start.

What Causes A Chipped Tooth?

The most prevalent dental injury reported is chipped teeth. You bite down on something too firmly, you have a minor accident and hit your head, or your tooth may have an underlying problem that causes a small piece to break off. A chipped tooth is annoying no matter how it occurs.

If a piece of your tooth chips, try to save it if it is large enough and you can find it. then give your dentist a call as soon as you can.

In order to prevent the chip from growing larger, your dentist can treat your tooth. To protect your tooth, the treatment may involve covering the affected area with a cap.

Most people believe that a chipped tooth is an aesthetic issue rather than a possible medical problem. However, by exposing the sensitive interior of your tooth, chipped teeth can cause more serious issues. Tooth decay, infections, and tooth loss can result from this exposure.

Different Types Of Chipped Teeth

There are five main groups of cracked teeth, including the following:

  1. Craze lines: The enamel develops teeny, vertical cracks. Even though craze lines rarely cause serious or irreversible tooth damage, they are a common occurrence with aging.
  2. Fractured cusp: These develop in teeth that have been filled or have cavities. They are regarded as superficial cracks that don’t penetrate deeply into the tooth’s sensitive areas. They are typically not painful as a result.
  3. Gumline crack in a tooth: The gumline is affected by cracks, which may need to be extracted. Non-removal procedures, such as dental crowns and bonds, can be used to treat subgingival tooth cracks.
  4. Split tooth: Occasionally, a cracked tooth completely splits into two or more pieces. (Poor oral hygiene and a lack of ongoing dental care are the usual causes of this.) Almost always requiring an extraction, this kind of crack is challenging to repair.
  5. fractured vertical roots: This tooth damage results in fractures that progress over time and is brought on by repeated, frequent forces. Adults over the age of 50 are most likely to experience vertical root fractures.

Things To Do If You Chip A Tooth

It can hurt when a tooth is chipped, cracked, or broken. The damage can be minor or significant depending on your dental health and the nature of the injury.

There is no permanent fix for damage other than going to the dentist unless it is a minor chip.

Prior to seeing a professional, the best thing you can do is to deal with the discomfort and take precautions to protect your mouth and teeth from further harm.

Professional Tooth Repair Advices

The most popular methods for repairing broken teeth are listed below:

1. Cosmetic Contouring

For minor tooth chips, cosmetic contouring is frequently used. The process entails polishing a tooth’s surface to remove any sharp or broken edges.

2. Root Canal

If the damage extends below the surface of the tooth, it might need more extensive repair. For instance, if the damage extends to the pulp, it may signal the need for root canal therapy.

The pain associated with this procedure has significantly decreased. Usually, it hurts no worse than getting a dental filling.

3. Dental Bonding

A chipped tooth can be repaired by using dental bonding to fill in the spaces and gaps.

Your dentist will use a light abrasion technique while performing this procedure, then apply a liquid conditioner to the tooth. Then they will apply composite resin that is tooth-colored and shape it appropriately.

4. Surgery

Molars have multiple roots. If only one is broken or damaged, a root amputation may be required to preserve the tooth’s remaining structure. Hemisection is the term for this action. You need a dental crown and a root canal.

Note: Since the advent of implants, this procedure is no longer frequently done.

5. Extraction

If a root canal cannot save a cracked or chipped tooth, extraction is required. Tooth extraction is more likely to be necessary the deeper the crack.

6. Reattachment

The broken portion of a tooth may occasionally be reattached by a dentist. Usually, one visit is sufficient to complete these procedures.

How To Treat A Chipped Tooth At Home?

A tooth chip may result in localized pain. A dentist can take care of the tooth, make sure it is free from infection, or make sure it is not in danger of developing other serious problems. Treatment that is comprehensive means that all local pain will be treated.

You can try some home remedies if you can’t get to the dentist right away and the chip is hurting you.

  • Use over-the-counter pain relievers like acetaminophen or ibuprofen to lessen inflammation.
  • Apply cold compresses to the mouth’s exterior to reduce swelling even more.
  • Sleep with your head raised. This lessens the amount of blood that collects in your head, thereby lowering the stress placed on your gums.
  • Anesthetize the surrounding area by using over-the-counter oral numbing gels.
  • Rinse your mouth with salt water. Warm water and salt can help to reduce inflammation and lower your risk of infection.
  • Use a cotton ball or swab to apply clove oil lightly to the affected area.
  • Drink some peppermint tea; it has some antimicrobial effects and can relax you.

Luckily, the majority of people who have chipped teeth don’t experience any pain. They are more likely to be self-conscious about their looks. Their dentist will evaluate any potential long-term oral health issues brought on by the chip at their appointment.

Home Remedies For Chipped Tooth

You can try a number of at-home remedies for tooth pain relief before going to the dentist:

1. Over-the-counter Pain Relievers

Ibuprofen and other over-the-counter (OTC) drugs can help relieve pain, but always follow the instructions on the package. Never exceed the dosage that has been prescribed.

Another option for reducing pain is to apply clove oil directly to the injured area. It contains eugenol, a numbing ingredient with anti-inflammatory features.

2. Dental Wax

You can cover the edge of your tooth with dental wax if it has a small chip and a jagged edge.

Any sharp object will not cut your tongue or hurt your mouth thanks to dental wax. Drugstores sell a lot of over-the-counter kits with dental wax for quick fixes.

If you have a large chip in your tooth or a missing tooth portion, you should avoid using this home remedy.

Avoid chewing on the tooth-damaged side if you use dental wax. To lessen discomfort and pressure, try flossing the area around the tooth.

3. Temporary Tooth Repair Kits

Online and in drugstores, various temporary tooth repair kits are offered.

While these kits shouldn’t take the place of expert oral care and treatment, they can be useful while you wait to see the dentist.

The more serious problems that might cause infection, tooth loss, or other oral health problems are not addressed by tooth replacement kits, which are only temporary solutions.

While some dental filling kits come with dental wax, others offer material that can be molded into the shape of a tooth to cover any gaps on cracked teeth.

Things Not To Do At Home

To have your chipped tooth fixed, you must see a qualified dentist right away.

You should refrain from trying a number of things at home. If you try any of these at home, your teeth and mouth could suffer severe harm.

  • Never try to smooth a tooth chip’s jagged edge with a file. Your tooth could fracture or sustain additional harm.
  • Never try to pull the broken tooth out. If at all possible, your dentist will try to save your tooth.
  • The chip should not be attempted to be “filled” with anything. This should be handled by a specialist.
chipped tooth

How To Prevent Chipped Tooth?

There are several steps you can take if you chipped a tooth and want to avoid this problem again.

  • Attend your scheduled dental checkups and cleanings.
  • Maintain a clean mouth.
  • Limit your intake of sugary and acidic foods.
  • If you play sports, wear a mouthguard.
  • If you grind or clench your teeth, seek treatment. To protect your teeth while you sleep, this usually entails wearing a nightguard.
  • The enamel on your teeth can be harmed by acid reflux; therefore, treat it.
  • Never chew ice or hard candies.
  • Get help straightening your teeth if they are crowded, crooked, or gapped. This can lessen the tension caused by an incorrect bite.

Due to alignment problems, people may chip in small pieces of their teeth. Your bite will not line up properly if your teeth are crowded, spaced apart, or crooked. Even when you eat normally and experience no tooth or muscle pain, this can still cause stress.

Stress on your teeth can cause the enamel and other layers to erode more quickly, which can result in minor fractures or cracks. These issues could manifest as plaque buildup, tooth sensitivity, or infrequent pain. Along with these fractures, you might also develop a chipped tooth.

Finding the underlying cause of your chipped tooth is crucial, but if it is connected to crooked or gapped teeth, you might be able to straighten your teeth at home with at-home aligners to improve your bite and your smile.

You begin the procedure by making molds of your teeth, which are then given to a physician for review. The treatment group will develop a care plan and have customized aligners made for your smile if at-home aligners are a good fit for you. In addition to adhering to the plan for periodic check-ins regarding your health and satisfaction with the procedure, follow their instructions for when to change your aligners.

Cost Of Fixing A Chipped Tooth

Depending on where you live, the price range for a cosmetic procedure can range from a few hundred dollars to $2,500–$3,000. The cost may be in the range of $3,000–$5,000 if you decide to have a tooth extracted and replaced with an implant.

Depending on your policy, most dental insurance will partially or fully cover the cost of tooth repair, but many insurers won’t cover strictly cosmetic procedures.

Repairs frequently only require one or two office visits, but more extensive treatment may necessitate taking time off of work.

The day following a root canal is typically when you can return to work, but some dentists schedule extractions and surgery on Fridays so that you can recover over the weekend before reporting to work on Monday.


Although breaking or chipping a tooth can be painful, many chips and cracks are minor and may only require minor or no treatment. To be sure, however, visiting a dentist is the best way to safeguard your teeth and general health.

If a broken or chipped tooth is not treated right away, it could develop into a dental emergency. You can manage a chipped tooth while waiting for dental care, and some minor chips can be managed without professional care.

Read More: Can I Eat Bread After Tooth Extraction?

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